Facts and figures
France almost achieved the objective of 0.5% of GNI in 2010 and hence became one of the world’s leading ODA donors.
France has given some of the most important G8 commitments in terms of official development assistance (ODA). It committed in gleneagles to reaching a 0.50% ODA/GNI ratio in 2007, two-thirds of which would be allocated to Africa (not specifically to sub-Saharan Africa as indicated in the ONE Data Report). In 2005, France subscribed to the EU consensus on reaching 0.51% of ODA/GNI in 2010.
Despite the financial crisis, France virtually achieved its objective in 2010, with French ODA reaching 0.50% of GNI, i.e. €9.75 billion.
This ODA level is the highest ever reached in terms of volume, and the highest in the past 15 years proportionately to GNI. In 2010, France was the world’s third biggest donor in terms of net ODA, behind the United States and the United Kingdom. The French ratio of 0.50% is higher than the average 0.46% ratios in European countries that are members of the OECD Development Assistance Committee.
In 2010, France devoted 54% of net bilateral ODA – i.e. $4.2 billion – to Africa, and was thus one of the continent’s partners with the highest pledge. France is in fact the country that devotes the largest share of its ODA to Africa, ahead of the European Union (43%), the United Kingdom (38%), the United States (30%), and Germany (26%).
The volume of French aid increased overall, in particular for sub-Saharan Africa, in a difficult budgetary context.
The total ODA increase between 2009 and 2010 was due to the increase in bilateral assistance that accounted for 60% of total net ODA in 2010. The share of that assistance linked to debt treatments
declined slightly to 18% of bilateral assistance in 2010.
French bilateral assistance for sub-Saharan Africa between 2004 and 2010 rose by 15% ($3,421 million in 2010 as against $2,964 million in 2004). Looking at total ODA, French aid payments to sub-Saharan Africa reached $5.6 billion, i.e. a 32% increase since 2004.
Generally speaking, efforts by both France and the European Union are remarkable in the current budgetary context, and were commended by the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC). The European Union accounts for just 35% of global GDP, yet it funds almost 60% of global assistance.
Better targeted assistance thanks to a strategy and tools that are effective and efficient.
In 2010, France adopted a Development Cooperation Strategy for better targeting its assistance and instruments geared to countries of intervention, through a variety of partnerships; it decided to focus its most concessional resources on Africa and 14 priority poor countries in particular, including 13 LDCs. These 14 countries will receive more than half of the subsidies for French cooperation policy.
France’s approach is based on international calculation standards (OECD).
The NGO ‘ONE’ analyses donor ODA according to its own criteria, which differ from OECD/DAC ODA international standards.
Yet debt cancellations are an integral part of ODA. They afford our partners significant budgetary leeway. Together with France (Initiative on Highly Indebted Poor Countries), NGOs have strongly argued for debt cancellations on the grounds that the debt service in the poorest countries is stifling their economies.
The growing importance of innovative financing, advocated by France and universally recognised.
Development-related issues and challenges now call for a collective response; development objectives can only be reached by promoting a global approach to development financing. This is why, as pointed out by ONE, France is playing a pivotal role in promoting innovative financing for development (leading donor to UNITAID, second highest donor to the International Finance Facility for Immunisation – Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunisation (IFFim/GAVI)), which is the only
means capable of generating a stable and predictable volume of resources on the scale required to meet needs.